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Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Why Dull Blades Ruin Your Woodworking Projects

When it comes to woodworking, having sharp blades is absolutely crucial for success. Dull blades can ruin a project faster than just about anything else. Let’s explore why maintaining sharp cutting edges should be a top priority for every woodworker.

More Tear-Out and Ragged Cuts

As blades become dull, you’ll notice more tear-out, splintering, and ragged edges during cuts. The clean, smooth cuts you get with sharp blades will be a distant memory. The main reason is that dull blades require more force and struggle to make cuts. All that extra friction causes the wood fibers to tear unevenly instead of slicing cleanly.

No one wants to sand for hours removing splinters, fuzzies, and rough patches when a simple sharpening would have prevented it. Those uneven cuts also make joinery and fittings sloppy. Precise work becomes almost impossible without sharp blades.

Higher Risk of Kickback and Accidents

Working with dull blades can also be downright dangerous. The excessive force required increases the risk of kickback, especially when ripping longer boards or working with dense wood types. The board can bind up halfway through the cut and get hurled back toward you at high speed.

Blade chatter and workpiece movement is also more likely with dull edges. Losing control of lumber on a tablesaw or jointer is a recipe for injury. Take the time to sharpen, and you can work much more safely knowing your tools will perform predictably and accurately.

Wasted Time and Frustration

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Finally, dull blades simply lead to frustration and wasted time in the shop. Cuts take longer, removing waste material is tedious, and you’ll need to redo many parts that don’t turn out right the first time.

Sharpening the blades would take far less time than trying to wrestle that jointer or planer to produce halfway decent results. Don’t spend hours fighting a losing battle against poor performance and sloppy cuts. Keep your edges fresh!

4 Tips for Keeping Blades Sharp

Now that you know why sharp planer and jointer blades are essential, let’s look at some practical ways to maintain cutting edges:

The first step is deciding on a sharpening schedule that matches your usage. For a hobbyist woodworker, sharpening before each major project or after every 8-10 hours of use is generally sufficient. For professional shops running equipment all day, daily sharpening is likely best to keep performance optimal.

Grinding establishes an accurate bevel on the blade, while honing polishes and refines the edge. Using water stones or diamond stones to hone following grinding gives the sharpest, longest-lasting results. Don’t skip honing if you want clean cuts.

A jointer fence that’s no longer parallel to the tables will grind blades unevenly when you run them against the stone. Check for parallel frequently, and make adjustments as needed to ensure even grinding.

The carbide inserts on each planer blade must be balanced for smooth performance. If one insert is significantly higher than the rest, it will bear the brunt of cuts. Re-balance periodically by grinding inserts as a set.

The Bottom Line

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

It’s simple – dull woodworking blades ruin projects and make the process much harder than it needs to be. By sharpening regularly, using proper grinding and honing techniques, and monitoring equipment closely, you can keep your jointer and planer blades razor-sharp for flawless results. Your woodworking will be safer, faster, and more enjoyable.

Now get out to the shop, inspect those cutting edges, and breathe new life into your blades. Your next project will thank you! Once you start seeing clean, smooth cuts again, you’ll kick yourself for not sharpening sooner.

Delta TP400LS And Triton Planer Blade Options

When it’s time to replace the blades on your Delta TP400LS portable planer or Triton benchtop planer, having the right inserts is key for optimal performance. Let’s explore the blade options available and how to choose the best set for your needs.

Carbide vs. High-Speed Steel

Both Delta and Triton utilize reversible blades with multiple carbide inserts. This design allows you to rotate the blades and utilize fresh cutting edges. However, you can also purchase replacement high-speed steel (HSS) blades.

Carbide inserts last significantly longer than HSS before needing sharpened – often 5-10 times as long. The tradeoff is HSS blades are cheaper. For professional shops, carbide is likely the best choice despite higher upfront cost. Home hobbyists may prefer value of HSS.

Brazed vs. Mechanically Fastened

Another choice is between brazed and mechanically fastened carbide tips. Brazed tips are a single piece with the carbide welded to the steel body. Mechanically fastened have separate carbide inserts mechanically attached.

Brazed blades can’t be re-sharpened once dull. But properly brazed inserts often last longer than fastened tips. Most Delta and Triton blades use the fastened style for replaceability.

Tooth Count and Style

Most standard Delta and Triton planer blades have 2-sided inserts with 2-4 teeth per side. More teeth provide more cutting edges but slower feed rates. 2-tooth inserts are good compromise of smooth cutting and speed.

You can also choose alternate tooth patterns like chipbreaker designs. These help break up and evacuate chips. Worth considering for woods with more tearing like pine.

Buying Direct or Third-Party

You can purchase direct from Delta and Triton, but aftermarket blades are available often at lower cost. Companies like Infinity Cutting Tools and Shelix make blades to fit these planers.

Quality is usually comparable. Just confirm blades match your planer’s specs for size, tooth style, etc. Average savings are 15-20% over OEM blades.

Top Blade Recommendations

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Here are some top-rated blade options to consider for Delta and Triton planers:

  • Delta OEM Replacement Blades – brazed carbide 2-tooth style
  • Shelix Planer Blades – mechanically fastened with 4 teeth per side for added cutting edges
  • Infinity 411HH High-Speed Steel – cost-effective HSS set
  • Triton OEM Carbide Blades – brazed carbide with 2 teeth per side
  • Infinity 851C Chipbreaker – breaks up tear-out in resinous woods
  • Shelix TC Planer Blade Kit – 4x life of OEM blades

Tips for Best Performance

To maximize the life of your new planer blades and cut quality:

  • Feed wood at optimal pace – don’t overload the cutterhead
  • Keep blades sharpened with regular honing
  • Check blade lock screws/bolts periodically for tightness
  • Use proper infeed and outfeed support
  • Adjust depth of cut for material – lighter passes for hard woods

Keep Your Planer Cutting Like New

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

With quality replacement planer blades matched to your Delta or Triton model, you can keep your planer performing like the day you bought it. Carbide and HSS inserts remove the hassle and expense of constant sharpening. Follow usage tips and your woodworking projects will benefit from smooth, tear-out free planing.

When To Replace Your Jointer And Planer Knives

If you’re an avid woodworker, you know how important sharp blades are for quality results. Dull blades can cause tearout, rough surfaces, and frustration. So when is it time to swap out those old, tired knives on your jointer and planer? Let’s take a closer look.

Signs Your Jointer Knives Need Replacing

Your jointer’s knives should provide silky smooth, tear-free edges when jointing lumber. But over time, they naturally wear down with use. Here are some telltale signs it’s time for new knives:

  • You’re experiencing tearout, rough spots, or visible knife marks on edges
  • Edges feel rough or fuzzy instead of smooth
  • Your cuts seem to require more passes to get a clean edge
  • There is visible nicking, damage, or warping of the knives
  • The jointer is leaving burn marks on the wood

If you notice any of these issues, it likely means your knives are blunted. Passing wood over dull knives requires more force and can cause imperfections. Replacing them restores clean, easy cutting.

When to Swap Planer Knives

Your planer should produce smooth, consistent surfaces free of tearout or visible knife marks. Check for these signs that the blades need changing:

  • Snipe (gouging) at the beginning or end of board
  • Rough, irregular, or finely fuzzed surface
  • Visible knife marks across the grain
  • Furry or splintered edges
  • The planer requires many passes to achieve desired smoothness

Worn blades make accurate, smooth planing impossible. Fresh knives will restore flawless performance.

How Often Should You Replace Them?

So how frequently should you swap out those knives? It depends on a few factors:

  • Usage – The more you use your machines, the faster the blades will wear.
  • Materials – Hard woods like maple and exotic woods can shorten lifespan.
  • Care – Proper knife handling impacts longevity.
  • Quality – Better steel lasts longer.

For a home woodworking shop seeing occasional use, plan for replacing jointer and planer knives every 1-2 years. If you’re a busy commercial shop milling hardwoods daily, you may need new knives 2-4 times per year.

Extending Your Knife Life

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

You can maximize the lifespan between blade changes with proper care:

  • Always wax tables to reduce friction and wear.
  • Make light finishing passes instead of heavy cuts.
  • Avoid cutting dirty or sandy wood.
  • Check blade tightness and alignment periodically.
  • Clean off pitch buildup regularly.
  • Rotate or flip knives when wearing unevenly.

It’s also wise to keep spare knives on hand so you can rotate through sets. This helps them all wear evenly.

DIY or Professional Replacement?

When it’s time for new knives, you have two options:

  • DIY – If you’re handy and confident, you can purchase aftermarket knives and install them yourself. Be sure to carefully follow manufacturer instructions for removal, adjustment, alignment, and safety.
  • Professional service – For many owners, taking machines to a repair shop for new knives is the best route. The pros have specialized tools to remove stuck knives safely. They’ll expertly install, align, and tension replacement blades for like-new performance.

Whichever route you take, fresh, factory-sharp knives will restore the flawless functionality of your prized woodworking tools. Don’t settle for rough results from worn blades. With a strategic knife replacement schedule, you can keep your jointer and planer cutting like new for years to come.

How To Remove Old Planer And Jointer Blades

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Over time, the blades on your woodworking power tools will naturally dull and need replacing. Removing the old, worn-out knives before installing fresh sharp ones is an important part of the process. Here’s a step-by-step guide to safely swapping planer and jointer blades.

Preparing for Blade Removal

Before removing any blades, take a few preparatory steps:

  • Read your tool’s manual for specific safety tips and steps.
  • Unplug the machines from power sources.
  • Have new replacement blade sets ready to install.
  • Put on protective leather gloves and safety glasses.
  • Clear any debris, sawdust or pitch buildup from tables.

It’s also wise to have a magnetic parts tray handy to safely collect small screws, gibs, or wedges as you work.

Removing Planer Blades

Planers have 2 or more double-edged blades mounted in a cutterhead. Here’s how to remove them:

  1. Locate the blade locking screws and loosen them.
  2. Carefully wedge a block of wood against the cutterhead to prevent rotation.
  3. Use a wrench on the cutterhead bolt to loosen it just enough for blade removal.
  4. Slide blades out of their slots and collect removing parts.
  5. Thoroughly clean the cutterhead and gibs before blade installation.

Be very cautious not to loosen the cutterhead bolt too much, or it can dangerously come loose. Refer to your manual for proper wrench size and procedure.

Removing Jointer Knives

Most jointers have 2-4 knives in a cutterhead. Follow these steps to remove them:

  1. Loosen the gib or clamping screws behind each knife just enough for removal.
  2. Carefully wedge a sturdy block against the cutterhead to prevent rotation.
  3. Use a wrench to loosen the cutterhead bolt slightly – just enough to free the knives.
  4. Slide knives out of their slots. Account for removing gibs, screws, wedges.
  5. Thoroughly clean cutterhead and components before installing replacements.

Again, loosen with extreme care – only free the knives enough for removal. Consult your jointer’s manual for proper wrench sizes and techniques.

Safety Tips

Blade removal comes with some inherent dangers. Keep these tips in mind:

  • Unplug power sources and disable lock-out switches first.
  • Wear heavy leather gloves in case blades slip.
  • Wedge cutterheads carefully and securely.
  • Loosen cutterhead bolts slowly and only enough for removal.
  • Remove and install just one blade at a time.
  • Use the proper size wrench – don’t improvise.
  • Work slowly and cautiously to avoid slips.

Rushing through removal risks loose cutterheads or flying blades, which can cause serious injury. Focus on safety throughout the process.

Proper Blade Disposal

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Once you’ve removed those dull knives, dispose of them properly:

  • Place in a sturdy container to prevent injury, like a tin can.
  • Seal carefully if disposing in household trash.
  • Clearly label to prevent unintended reuse.
  • Some communities have blade recycling for metal reclamation.

Never just throw old blades loosely into the garbage. Secure them to prevent potential harm.

With these steps, you can safely remove your planer and jointer’s worn out blades in preparation for new sharp ones. Just take it slowly, focus on safety, and refer to your manual for model-specific guidance. Soon you’ll be slicing wood with ease again.

How To Install New Jointer And Planer Knives

Once you’ve removed your dull or damaged jointer and planer blades, it’s time to install fresh sharp replacements. Proper installation is crucial for performance and safety. Follow these key steps.

Preparing for Installation

Before installing new blades, take these preparatory steps:

  • Thoroughly clean the cutterheads, tables, and gibs.
  • Obtain quality replacement blade sets designed for your models.
  • Check blades for defects and return if needed.
  • Have secure supports ready to wedge cutterheads.
  • Put on heavy leather gloves and safety glasses.

It’s also wise to have a magnetic parts tray handy to hold small hardware like screws, keeping them organized.

Installing Planer Blades

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Follow this process to correctly install each new planer blade:

  1. Wedge a sturdy wooden block against the cutterhead to prevent rotation.
  2. Slide one end of the blade into its slot in the cutterhead.
  3. Align blade holes with screw holes, then insert/tighten fasteners.
  4. Repeat inserting the other end into the cutterhead slot.
  5. Check for secure mounting and proper alignment.
  6. Repeat steps for each additional blade, one at a time.

Refer to your manual for proper tightening torques. Don’t overtighten screws, as it can warp blades. Check alignments often.

Installing Jointer Knives

Follow these key steps to correctly install each jointer blade:

  1. Wedge a block securely against the cutterhead to prevent rotation.
  2. Slide one end of the blade into the cutterhead slot.
  3. Position gib, tighten gib screw just enough to hold in place.
  4. Repeat inserting the other end into the slot.
  5. Align knife, then tighten gib screw fully.
  6. Repeat process for any additional knives one at a time.

Don’t fully tighten one side before inserting the other end. Tighten gib screws gradually to prevent warping. Check alignments.

Setting Proper Height

The knives must sit just slightly higher than the cutterhead body:

  • About .001″ – .003″ above for a jointer.
  • Around .005″ -.010″ above for a planer.

Use a precision measuring device to set. This prevents the body from contacting the workpiece before the knives do.

Verifying Alignments

Carefully check alignments once installed:

  • Set a straightedge across all blades – there should be consistent contact.
  • Slowly turn cutterhead by hand – watch for wobble.
  • Sight down edge of each blade – they should align.
  • Make micro-adjustments if any are slightly off.

Proper alignment is critical for smooth, accurate cuts. Take time to get it right.

Safety Tips

Blade installation brings serious safety considerations:

  • Use sturdy, immobile supports to wedge cutterheads.
  • Wear heavy leather gloves in case of slips.
  • Only install one blade at a time to limit torque.
  • Tighten screws/gib gradually to prevent warping.
  • Verify mounts are secure after each blade.
  • Work slowly and mindfully for best results.

Rushed or improper installation can lead to vibrating blades that are hazardous. Focus on safety throughout the process.

With care, time, and the proper technique, you can install replacement planer and jointer blades for flawless, precision cutting. Just take it slow and double-check your work.

Setting Your Jointer And Planer Knives For Optimal Cuts

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Installing new blades is just the first step. Properly setting and adjusting your jointer and planer knives is crucial for flawless performance. Here are some key steps to optimize your machine’s cutting action.

Jointer Cutterhead Settings

To set your jointer knives for smooth, accurate edge jointing:

  • Use a precision height gauge to set knife protrusion to .001″ – .003″.
  • Set lateral alignment by gradually tightening gib screws while checking straightedge contact.
  • Adjust infeed table height parallel to knives – use precision straightedge.
  • Set fence perpendicularity to table – verify with engineer’s square.
  • Lubricate and wax tables to reduce friction.

Take your time with alignments and height settings. Rushing this process can diminish performance.

Planer Cutterhead Settings

To optimize your planer for tear-out free surfacing:

  • Use a dial indicator to set knife height to .005″ – .010″ above cutterhead.
  • Carefully align blades laterally by tightening mounting screws.
  • Set infeed and outfeed tables parallel to knife plane – use precision straightedge.
  • Adjust for minimal snipe by tuning table heights.
  • Apply wax liberally to lubricate and reduce friction.

Precisely aligning and setting blades will provide that glassy smooth finish you desire.

Setting Depth of Cuts

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

The optimal cut depth depends on factors like:

  • Tool model size/power
  • Number of blades
  • Density and hardness of stock
  • Feed rate
  • Condition of knives

As a general rule, keep cuts under 1/8″ for jointers and 1/16″ or less for planers. Take lighter finishing passes for best results.

Feed Direction

For both machines, feed stock against knife rotation, not with it. This helps prevent tearout on problematic woods.

Feed Speed

Find the “sweet spot” feed rate for your machine and stock. Too slow risks burning, too fast reduces quality:

  • For jointers, 10 to 30 feet per minute is ideal.
  • For planers, optimal feed speed is 16 to 26 feet per minute.

Monitor your results and adjust feed speed accordingly. Some experimentation may be needed.

Cooling Blades

Friction from cutting can heat up blades. To extend blade life:

  • Allow blades to cool between passes.
  • Mist blades lightly with water to dissipate heat.
  • Avoid overheating by not removing too much material per pass.

Letting blades cool periodically will help them last longer before needing replacement.

Sample Cuts

Before running your final stock, always test settings on scrap pieces with different grain patterns. Check for smoothness, tearout, burning, and consistency at full width. Make microadjustments until achieving perfect sample cuts.

Dialing in your jointer and planer knives doesn’t have to be difficult, but it does require care and patience. Follow these tips for optimizing your machines for flawless planing, jointing, and surfacing.

Sharpening Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Blades

To maximize the lifespan of your planer and jointer blades, it’s wise to periodically sharpen them yourself between replacements. Well-honed blades mean less tearout and smoother cutting.

When to Sharpen

Some signs it’s time to sharpen blades:

  • Stock requires many passes to plane or joint smoothly.
  • You notice ripples, ridges, or visible knife marks in the wood.
  • Blades produce fuzzy or rough surfaces instead of smooth.
  • You experience snipe, chipping, or burn marks in material.
  • Cuts aren’t perfectly square and straight.

If you notice any decline in performance, it likely means your blades have dulled slightly and need sharpening.

Removing Blades

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

To sharpen, you must remove the blades:

  • Unplug machine from power and disable lock-out switches.
  • Loosen mounting bolts/gib screws enough to free blades.
  • Wedge a block securely against cutterhead for stability.
  • Carefully slide each blade out individually.
  • Wrap and label each blade to keep them organized.

Follow all safety protocols in your manual for proper removal. Work slowly and cautiously.

Lap the Blades

Use a diamond lapper to sharpen blades:

  • Lap at 30 degree bevel angle.
  • Use light mineral oil as lubricant.
  • Work systematically across blade, keeping it flat to lap.
  • Lap until achieving a consistent, mirror-like surface.
  • Finish by honing blade edges with a fine whetstone.

Take care to maintain exact bevel angles as you lap. Don’t round over blade edges.

Setting the Bevel Angle

The bevel angle can affect cutting performance:

  • Higher angles up to 35° resist nicks but require more power.
  • Lower angles around 25° slice easier but are more prone to nicks.
  • 30° is a good compromise angle for most situations.

Match your existing bevel angle to maintain original cut geometry.

Honing Jointer Tips

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Some tips for honing jointer knives:

  • Work evenly along entire blade length to prevent distortion.
  • Maintain exact 30° – 35° factory bevel angle.
  • Hone straight blades flat; cambered blades must follow curve.
  • Lap rear of blade too to prevent rocking.
  • Finish with light honing strokes to polish and refine edge.

Careful honing will restore your jointer’s original precision cutting performance.

Honing Planer Tips

Some pointers for sharpening planer blades:

  • Keep blades flat to lap – adjust pressure as needed.
  • Use a jointer jig if hand-holding for consistency.
  • Maintain exact bevel angle throughout entire sharpening process.
  • Hone evenly from end to end to prevent skewing.
  • Finish with light strokes along each edge to refine.

Proper technique is key for planer blades to slice cleanly again at full width.

By periodically sharpening your own blades, you can significantly extend their lifespan before needing replacement. Just remember to work slowly and cautiously for best results.

Extending The Life Of Your Planer And Jointer Knives

You likely invested good money in your machine’s blade sets. So it pays to take steps to get the most lifespan out of your planer and jointer knives between sharpenings and replacements. Here are some tips to make your blades last.

Buy Quality Knives

Opt for the best knife steel you can afford:

  • High carbon steel holds an edge well.
  • Cobalt or titanium-coated knives increase hardness and longevity.
  • Solid carbide knives are extremely durable and long-lasting.

While pricier, premium blades save money by reduced replacements over time.

Take Light Cuts

Heavy cuts invite fast wear. Take thin finishing passes instead:

  • Up to 1/8” depth for jointers.
  • No more than 1/16” for planers.
  • Even lighter on very hard woods.

Let the sharp knives do the work instead of forcing through material.

Use Proper Feed Speeds

The ideal feed speed reduces wear. For:

  • Jointers, 10 to 30 feet per minute.
  • Planers, 16 to 26 feet per minute.

Going too fast can accelerate blade wear over time.

Allow Blades to Cool

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Heat buildup from friction dulls blades faster. Let them cool between passes by:

  • Waiting several minutes between boards.
  • Misting lightly with water.
  • Reducing cut depth to limit heat.

Avoid continuous operation to prevent excess blade heating.

Avoid Abrasive Materials

Certain materials invite fast wear:

  • Dirty or sandy stock.
  • Excessively knotty, twisted, or warped wood.
  • Dense tropical hardwoods.
  • Lumber with embedded gravel/rocks.

When possible, avoid these types to prevent premature blade dulling.

Wax and Lubricate

Reducing friction protects blades. Be sure to:

  • Keep tables waxed and polished.
  • Lubricate blades periodically with paste wax or dry lubricant.
  • Clean off any pitch buildup from wood regularly.

Well-maintained machines help blades last longer between sharpenings.

Store Blades Properly

Protect removed blades from damage by:

  • Cleaning all pitch and debris off before storing.
  • Wrapping and cushioning edges to prevent nicks.
  • Keeping stored horizontally in a dry, climate controlled space.

Proper storage keeps blades factory-fresh between uses, extending useful life.

With the right care, techniques, and maintenance, your quality knives can stay sharp and durable for years before needing replacement. Maximize your investment by making them last.

Common Planer And Jointer Blade Sharpening Mistakes To Avoid

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Sharpening your own blades can save money and extend their lifespan. But improper sharpening technique can quickly ruin blades. Here are some common mistakes to avoid.

Using Wrong Sharpening Angle

Maintaining the exact factory bevel angle is crucial. But many make mistakes here:

  • Failing to check angle with an accurate protractor.
  • Grinding at too steep or shallow angle.
  • Inconsistently wavering angles as you sharpen.

Even slight deviations from the OEM angle alters cut geometry. Duplicate it precisely.

Grinding Too Aggressively

Overzealous grinding creates problems:

  • Overheating and damaging blade temper.
  • Taking off too much metal too quickly.
  • Rounding over blade bevel edge.

Use light, consistent pressure. Cool blades often. Let the abrasive do the work.

Failing To Flatten Bevel

Some sharpen unevenly:

  • Rocking blades while grinding.
  • Failing to apply even pressure.
  • Not working from end to end.

This causes skewed, wavy bevels. Keep blades flat to the wheel and sharpen evenly.

Rounding Over Edges

Some common rounding mistakes:

  • Laying blade too flat against wheel.
  • Grinding at too steep an angle.
  • Applying too much pressure on edge.

Maintain proper angle to prevent rounding. Use light pressure.

Insufficient Cooling

Letting blades overheat ruins temper. Avoid by:

  • Dipping often in water to cool.
  • Allowing blades to air cool between grinds.
  • Using a coolant drip system.

Monitor blade temperature and let cool as needed.

Failing To Deburr

Neglecting to deburr leaves rough edges that tear wood. Deburr by:

  • Stropping on fine grit stone.
  • Using a deburring wheel.
  • Drawing blade through hardwood edge.

Some small burr helps slice wood – completely removing makes blades dull faster.

Insufficient Honing

Many grind but don’t hone. Final honing polishes and realigns the edge.

  • Use a fine stone after grinding.
  • Finish by stropping blade on leather with polishing compound.

Those final honing steps refine the edge for smooth, precise cutting.

Avoid these common pitfalls for frustration-free sharpening. With care and patience, you can maintain factory-sharpness between blade replacements.

Tips For Maintaining Sharp Planer And Jointer Blades

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Your planer and jointer blades need proper care between sharpenings to stay surgically sharp. Here are some helpful maintenance tips for maximizing cutting performance.

Clean Blades Frequently

Built-up debris dulls blades. Clean by:

  • Using a brass brush to remove pitch and resin.
  • Applying turpentine to dissolve dried sap.
  • Carefully scraping off stubborn deposits.
  • Wiping down with a solvent like mineral spirits.

Avoid harsh chemicals that could damage blades. Proper cleaning is key.

Lubricate Appropriately

Friction dulls edges. Use lubricants like:

  • Paste wax for tables and blades.
  • Dry graphite powder or spray.
  • Light machine oil on jointer gibs.
  • Silicone spray on planer ways.

But don’t over-lubricate – excess can pick up sawdust and gum up machines.

Wax Tables Frequently

Waxing reduces friction and blade wear. Use:

  • Hard carnauba wax for longest protection.
  • A power buffer to thoroughly polish wax.
  • Frequent light wax coats instead of heavy buildup.

Keep tables like glass for optimal blade performance.

Check Blade Tightness

Need Sharp Blades For Your Woodworking Tools. Learn How To: Keep Your Planer And Jointer Cutting Like New

Loose blades vibrate, causing nicks. Frequently check:

  • Jointer gib and clamping screw tightness.
  • Planer knife mounting screw torque.
  • That set screws are tight and faces are flush.

Snug but not overly tight. Overtightening can warp thin blades.

Use Proper Feed Technique

Careful feed technique preserves edges:

  • Use light passes instead of aggressive cuts.
  • Feed against rotation to prevent dig-in.
  • Ease workpiece into cut; don’t just drop onto blades.

Let sharp blades slice smoothly instead of forcing through material.

Avoid Abrasive Conditions

Things that quickly dull blades:

  • Sandy, dirty lumber.
  • Wood with gravel, rocks or tramp metal.
  • Wet or resinous wood that gums up blades.

Cut these problematic materials only when essential.

With proper care between sharpenings, your valuable blades will retain their factory edges longer, saving you money and frustration.